ESC: The Role of the Private Sector in Vocational Training in Jordan (2017)

In 2017, the Vision Center for Strategic and Development Studies in accordance with the Economic and Social Council (ESC), conducted a Study about the Role of the Private Sector in Education, Training, Employment, and Developing Human Resources in Jordan. The study aimed at exploring the point of view of a number of business owners in the private sector regarding their roles in training, employment, and human resources in Jordan. The methodology of the study began with a scientific analysis for the labor market in Jordan for the years 2011-2016 through published reports at the general statistics department, ministry of labor and other concerned official institutions. Then, it analyzed vocational education and training outputs for the years 2011-2016 according to the annual reports for the ministry of education and ministry of higher education. Next, focus groups were organized with representatives of business owners and proposed questions were asked during the group discussions, all in coordination with the Economic and Social Council. It should be noted that the focus groups were with business owners and in the presence of Al Zarqa'a chamber of commerce and industries, Al Karak chamber of commerce and industries, a number of associates, a number of human resources managers from the private sector, and experts who have experience working in the private sector or with businesses associations in Jordan.


The policies and curricula in the ministry of education and the vocational training centers used ineffective programs, which do not provide the trainees with the skills needed in labor market. This requires providing new policies that connect the education with the economic needs of the labor market, depending on the partnership with different production and professions sectors, because a good output of vocational education is the source for providing the skills needed in labor market and it is the reason behind increasing the job opportunities and employment in the private sector. This calls for a reform in the organizational structure of the education, managerial, and governmental institutions that provide human resources, since developing the culture of initiative and the value of work among youth is considered one of the main economic issues of our time.


The results of the study revealed that a public private partnership would improve the outputs of vocational training, education, and employment opportunities by a “localization of the labor force” and by enhancing its qualifications so it will be suitable with the new technology. The partnership can be established through implementing vocational training programs in a way that identify and meet the needs of labor market sectors. In addition to, encouraging initiatives for entrepreneurship in the target development areas and creating new jobs based on handicrafts, technicalities, and skills. The education system should be directed so that it guides students to know their creativity field in a way that will provide the labor market with the needed skills. The partnership should also contribute in supporting financing funds for micro enterprises and SMEs, especially for fresh graduates. The role of social responsibility for companies in supporting and financing vocational training centers needs to be increased; so that these centers would be up to date with new technologies and provide skillful outputs that match the needs of the labor market. Finally, the gaps between the various subsectors in the labor market (private & public, formal & informal, cities & rural areas, males & females, local & foreign) need to be bridged in order to improve the vocational training, education, and employment opportunities within Jordan.


Finally, for the reforms and needed policies to develop the outputs of the vocational education to meet the needs of the labor market, such recommendations are necessary:

  • Build the capacity of the labor force according to needs of the labor market.

  • Develop and improve the services of employment and vocational counseling.

  • Localize the Jordanian labor force, and the foreign labor force should be complimentary not a replacement.

  • Increase education training and employment opportunities in poverty pockets that have high poverty rates and very low investment.

  • Encourage women to participate in the labor market.

  • Reduce the number and percentages of informal labor forces.

  • Governance of the sector of employment and vocational and technical training and education.

  • Activating vocational training systems according to the needs of the labor market.